All Classic Video - Operation Ranger & Buster-Jangle Nuclear Bomb Tests (1951)
Operation Ranger & Buster-Jangle Nuclear Bomb Tests (1951)
Operation Ranger was the fourth American nuclear test series. It was conducted in 1951 and was the first series to be carried out at the Nevada Test Site. All the bombs were dropped by B-50 bombers and exploded in the open air over Frenchman Flat (Area 5).
These tests centered on the practicality of developing a second generation of nuclear weapons using smaller amounts of valuable nuclear materials. They were planned under the name Operation Faust.
The exact locations of the tests are a bit fuzzy, as they were all air drops. However, the planned ground zero was set at 36°49′32″N 115°57′54″Wfor all except the Fox shot, which was "500 feet west and 300 feet south" in order to minimize damage to the control point.Nowhere is there noted any off-target drops in the Ranger series. Preceded by Sandstone, followed by Greenhouse.
Operation Buster-Jangle was a series of seven (six atmospheric, one underground) nuclear weapons tests conducted by the United States in late 1951 at the Nevada Test Site. Buster-Jangle was the first joint test program between the DOD and Los Alamos National Laboratories. 6,500 troops were involved in the Desert Rock I, II, and III exercises in conjunction with the tests. The last two tests evaluated the cratering effects of low-yield nuclear devices. This series preceded Operation Tumbler-Snapper and followed Operation Greenhouse.