All Classic Video - Operation Teapot Nuclear Bomb Test (1954)
Operation Teapot Nuclear Bomb Test (1954)
Operation Teapot was a series of fourteen nuclear test explosions conducted at the Nevada Test Site in the first half of 1955. It was preceded by Operation Castle, and followed by Operation Wigwam. The aims of the operation were to establish military tactics for ground forces on a nuclear battlefield, and to improve the nuclear weapons used for strategic delivery.
Operation Teapot Weapon Tests:
During shot "Wasp", ground forces took part in Exercise Desert Rock VI which included an armored task force "Razor" moving to within 900 meters of ground zero, under the still-forming mushroom cloud.
An augmented test unit from the United States Marine Corps participated in shot "Bee" during the March 1955 exercises.
The "MET" (Military Effects Test) was the first bomb core to use uranium-233 (a rarely used fissile isotope that is the product of thorium-232 neutron absorption), along with plutonium. It produced a yield of 22kt (comparable to the "Fat Man" plutonium-only weapon that exploded over Nagasaki), but significantly less than the expected amount.
The Civil Defense "Apple-2" shot on 5 May 1955 was intended to test various building construction types in a nuclear blast. An assortment of buildings, including residential houses and electrical substations, were constructed at the site nicknamed "Survival Town". The buildings were populated with mannequins, and stocked with different types of canned and packaged foods. Not all of the buildings were destroyed in the blast, and some of them still stand at Area 1, Nevada Test Site. A short film about the blast, referred to as "Operation Cue", was distributed by the Federal Civil Defense Administration.